The antibiotic resistance gene, which was first discovered three years ago in Indian New Delhi, was foundalmost 8,000 km away on the other side of the world. Researchers from the University of Newcastle took soil samples on the coast of West Spitsbergen and found microorganisms with blaNDM-1, the antibiotic resistance gene.
Thus, scientists have demonstrated that in just a few years the gene has managed to spread to the high latitudes of the Arctic. To those places where people and animals rarely appear. Scientists suggest that blaNDM-1 and other resistance genes are more likely to get there with the feces of migratory birds.
“The polar regions are among the last supposedly intact ecosystems on Earth, ” emphasizes Professor David Graham and adds that it’s these remote locations that allow us to describe the era before human use of antibiotics and the rate of progression of “pollution. “ But less than three years after the first detection of the blaNDM-1 gene in the water of one Indian city, we found it thousands of kilometers in a place with minimal human impact.
The professor notes that due to excessive use of antibiotics, fecal emissions and contaminated drinking water, humankind has accelerated the rate at which superbugs evolve, exchanging resistance genes.